Ѻ˹ѡ
ǤԴ
͡èѴӴѺ
ҹ
Ǵ
ǹŴ
Ἱѧ䫴
 
 
žɷҧҡ
 

     "žɷҧҡ" žɷҧҡ繻ѭӤѭѭ˹觷Դࢵͧ ੾Сا෾ҹ ͧҡžɷҧҡȡԴšзҹآҾ͹ Ҩ繴ҹ Ӥҭ ʹšзآҾǡѺк клʹ ѧ鹡õԴѧҳž㹺ҡȨ֧áԨ˹觷դӤѭ Ǻž˹§ҹӡõǨѴسҾҡҧͧ ·ӡõǨѴžɷҧҡȷӤѭ ͧҴ (ͧҴԹ 10 ͹: PM-10) ҫ͡䫴 (SO2) õС (Pb) ҫ͹͹͡䫴 (CO) ਹ͡䫴 (NOx) Сҫ⫹ (O3)

   
ʶҹóžɷҧҡ
     ŨҡõǨѴسҾҡ㹪ǧͺ 20 շҹ سҾҧҡ㹻դسҾբ ¾Ԩóҡ٧شͧ鹢ͧžǹ˭ࡳҵðҹ ¡鹽蹢Ҵ Сҫ⫹ 駹÷سҾҡȢͧդسҾբ ˵ҨҡŴŧͧҳԧ㹪ǧԡĵɰԨ աǹ˹ҨҡҵáâͧѰǹžɷҧҡŴŧ (Ҥš 2002)
    • óçöѡҹ¹ 4 ѧ᷹öѡҹ¹ 2 ѧ ͧҡöѡҹ¹ 2 ѧ觡ԴӤѭͧû½ͧ͡ҡ ûѺ¹öѡҹ¹ 4 ѧ ֧աû½ͧҡŴŧ (ٻ 1)   (ٻ 2)
    • õԴػóӨѴë (Desulfurization) ç俿㹻 .. 2535 ͧҡç俿ç俿ҷҹԹԡ乵ԧ觡ԴӤѭͧ¡ҫ͡䫴 ѧ鹡õԴػóѧǷҳҫ͡䫴㹺ҡŴŧҧͧдѺӡҵðҹաõԴػóӨѴë (ٻ 3) 
    • úѧѺػó좨Ѵžкö¹ Catalytic converter ö¹㹻 .. 2536 ͧҡҹ¹觡Դҫ͹͹͡䫴Ӥѭ 觼дѺҫ͹͹͡䫴ŴŧдѺӡҵðҹ (ٻ 4)  (ٻ 5)
    • ŴҳõС㹹ѹ 㹻 . 2532 ѰҵáŴҳС㹹ѹҡ 0.45 Ե 0.4 Ե 㹻 .. 2535 Ŵŧ 0.15 Ե з觻» .. 2538 Ѱ¡ԡѹູԹõС дѺõСŴŧҧǴǨдѺӡҵðҹ (ٻ 6)
            ͧҴ Сҫ⫹ ѧžɷ繻ѭ 觶֧Ŵŧ蹡ѹžɷ 2 ǡѧ٧Թҵðҹ 駹Ҩнͧ觡Դҡ ͡ҵáŴͧҡ 觡ԴͧӤѭ ҹ˹ ͧǹ¤ҧ㹶 蹨ҡáҧ صˡ Ѻ㹾鹷誹 觡ԴͧӤѭ Ҥɵ зҫ⫹ žɷصԷԴҡԡҧûСͺԹ§ (Volatile organic compound: VOC) ͡䫴ͧਹ դ͹ʧҷԵ繵觻ԡ ҫ⫹ջҳ٧ش㹪ǧ§к ж١Ѵ㹺dzҧ 觨ջѨ»Ѩ·ҡ͡äǺԴͧҫ⫹ ҵáõҧ ѧöŴҳҫ⫹ŧࡳҵðҹ
             žɷҧҡ觡ԴžмšзآҾ͹Ǵᵡҧعçҧѹ 駹öػѧҧ 1
ҧ 1 觡ԴӤѭмšзͧžɷҧҡ
ž 觡ԷӤѭ šз
PM-10 ͧͧ¹ ͧ
ǹ¤ҧ㹶 蹨ҡ
ҧШҡصˡ
PM-10 ռšзآҾ͹¢ͧҧ٧
բҴ硨֧öá㹻ʹ
SO2 ԧիͧСͺ
ǹ˭ ҹԹйѹ ҨԴ
ҡкǹ÷ҧ صˡҧԴ
ͧ SO2 ӹǹҡҨäͺ״
ջѭǡѺкҧԹ ͡ҡǡѹ
ҧ SO2 NOx ˵ӤѭԴô
(acid rain) 觷ԴԹ з觹
ҵԵҧ Ҿ繡ô
õС alkyl lead 㹹ѹູԹ õСѹ·觼ŷͧ Ե
кҷǹҧ к׺ѹ 硷Ѻ
õСдѺ٧ҨվѲҡѺҡһ
ԭԺŴŧ
CO ͧѹó CO 仢Ѵҧҳҫ͡ਹ (O2) ҧ
繵ͧ ѧ鹼ҡäкʹʹ֧
դ§٧Ҩ֧ԵѺ CO дѺ٧
NOx ԧʫ ѧպҷӤѭ
㹡á͵Ǣͧ O
3 ͧ
Ѻ NOx дѺҨ餹äкҧԹ
դԴԢͧʹ Ҩ纻¢ͧäк
ҧԹ зѺ NOx ҹҹҨ
ǷеԴäкҧԹзʹդ
Դҧ
O3 ÷ӻԡҧûСͺԹ§
(Volatile organic compound: VOC) ͡䫴ͧ
ਹդ͹ʧҷԵ繵觻ԡ
O3 ҨԴѹºѹآҾ Фͧµ ١ ǧ͡
ҡ Ǵ ͡ҡ ѧҨżԵ
ҧɵõŧ
: Ҥš 2002.
ŤҤ
          ͧҡžɷҧҡռŵآҾͧЪҪ੾ࢵͧ 㹡֡ҹԹ鹷عžɷҧҡȨҡ鹷عآҾͧäкҧԹࢵͧ 21 ѧѴ ¾ԨóҨҡѧѴըӹǹЪҡࢵȺԹ 100,000 ӹǹ 12 ѧѴ ا෾ § Ҫ غҪҹ ͹ شøҹ طûҡ ź ոҪ ɮҹ ʧ ѧѴʶҹյǨѴسҾҡȢͧǺž ʴ֧õͧѧسҾҡ㹺dzѧǨӹǹ 9 ѧѴ ӻҧ ä к ҹ ͧ û طҤ Ҫ
      ûԹ鹷عžɷҧҡȨҡѡҾҺŢͧäкҧԹ鹷عѡҾҺŢͧ¹͡м óռ¹͡դѡҾҺ 275 ҷͤ (Ҥһ .. 2547) 㹡óբͧäʹѡʺդѡҾҺ 11,163 ҷ (Ҥһ .. 2547) äʹѡʺ ʹͧä״դѡҾҺ 7,204 ҷ (Ҥһ .. 2547) äкǹԴºѹ ä ͧкǹդѡҾҺ 14,277 ҷ (Ҥһ .. 2547) äѧͧкǹҧդѡҾҺ 15,272 ҷ (Ҥһ .. 2547) ä״ ä״Դºѹ ä ͧк դѡҾҺ 5,317 ҷ (Ҥһ .. 2547) ҡäӹdz ŤҤ´ҹآҾҡžɷҧҡҡѺ 5,866 ҹҷͻ
         ŨӹǹäкҧԹաǺ¡зǧҸóآ 繢» ¨ѧѴ ҧá աкض֧˵آͧԴäԧ ѧ ֡Ҷ֧˵آͧԴäкҧԹҨҡ˵ äӹdzŤҤ´ҹآҾԴҡžҡդ١ͧҡ.
ȹԢͧЪҪ  
                         ǨȹԢͧЪҪ ЪҪ 3.4 դһѭžɷҧҡ 繻ѭӤѭشͧ
 
 
 
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